There are many possible causes of transverse myelitis. This article discusses the possible causes of transverse myelitis.
Transverse myelitis often appears as a condition in isolation of other related issues, and sometimes it appears to result from another illness. The exact cause of transverse myelitis is unknown. When transverse myelitis occurs without an identified underlying cause, it is defined as idiopathic. Idiopathic transverse myelitis is often believed to be caused by an immune system response. In this case, the spinal cord is attacked by the body’s own immune system.
What underlying causes can result in transverse myelitis?
Experts believe that twenty to forty percent of transverse myelitis cases are caused by viral infections.
The following conditions are possible underlying causes of transverse myelitis in some patients:
- Herpes (simplex or zoster)
- Lyme borreliosis
- Multiple Sclerosis
- Mycoplasma pneumoniae
- Neuromyelitis optica
- Paraneoplastic syndrome
- Sjogren’s syndrome
- Systemic autoimmune disease
- Systemic lupus erythematosis
What is the cause of idiopathic transverse myelitis?
Idiopathic transverse myelitis refers to cases of transverse myelitis when the cause is unknown. Although the cause is unknown, most evidence indicates that the transverse myelitis occurs due to an autoimmune process. In this case, it is the body’s own immune system that attacks the spinal cord, which causes inflammation and damage.